Ear reconstruction encompasses all operations used in the treatment of ear deformities includingmicrotia (missing ears, or congenital underdeveloped ears), constricted ear deformities, protruding ears and ear anomalies.
Microtia (small ear) is a deformity acquired while a baby is developing in the womb; it is usually not hereditary. In most cases, only one ear is affected (unilateral microtia) but in about 10 percent of cases, both ears are affected (bilateral microtia).
Pretragal remnants, or chondrocutaneous remnants, are excess skin and/or cartilage that appear typically in front of the ear or on the cheek. Sometimes referred to as ear tags, or branchial cleft remnants, or an accessory tragus, these remnants are present at birth. They will not go away on their own. Once removed, auricular remnants do not come back.
Earlobe deformities can include a cleft earlobe, an earlobe remnant or tab, and earlobe duplication. These are rare congenital conditions. Treatment of these earlobe deformities is surgical and they can be repaired as an outpatient procedure. Depending on the age of your child, repair may be done as an in-office procedure or in the operating room. An earlobe remnant may be able to be removed in off under local anesthesia in very early infancy.